Approximately 20,000 ethnic Chinese are in Korea. They cannot obtain citizenship or become public servants, and may have difficulty being hired by some major corporations. Additionally, Korea bases its citizenship rights on the principle of jus sanguinis, citizenship transferred through parents. Therefore, some children born in the Republic of Korea to ethnic Chinese are also rendered stateless. They cannot qualify for Chinese citizenship if the parents are “settled abroad,” that is, acquired permanent resident status. In June 1998, the Government passed legislation to allow a female citizen to transmit citizenship to her child regardless of the citizenship of the child’s father.