UNHCR reports that 130,000 stateless persons are in Iraq. Children of mixed marriages, specifically with an Iraqi mother and non-national father, face statelessness.
Prior to the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003, the Palestinian population numbered approximately 30,000, most descendants of those who emigrated from Palestine to Iraq in 1948. They became targets of violence and persecution from sectarian militias as Iraq’s civil war intensified in 2005 and 2006. Many tried to flee to Syria and Jordan, but as Palestinians they were barred from legal entry. Some 4,000 Palestinians from Iraq are living illegally in Damascus, while another 3,000 are stranded in poor conditions in camps along the border between Iraq and Syria. (See also Syria.) Palestinians in Iraq remain highly vulnerable.